Senior man exercising with personal trainer.

How Can Physiotherapy Help Maintain Muscle Mass in Seniors?

As we age, maintaining muscle mass becomes increasingly important for overall health and mobility. At 50Plus Physiotherapy in Edmonton, we understand the unique challenges seniors face in preserving their strength and endurance, especially when dealing with sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass. Our physiotherapists are here to help you stay active and strong through tailored exercise programs and therapeutic techniques. 

What is Sarcopenia? 

It is the gradual decline in muscle mass and strength that occurs with aging, and it can significantly affect older people by reducing their mobility, balance, and overall quality of life. The primary causes of sarcopenia include a decrease in physical activity, hormonal changes, inadequate nutrition, and chronic illnesses. Symptoms often start with muscle weakness, fatigue, and difficulty performing daily tasks, eventually leading to an increased risk of falls and fractures. 

Why Muscle Mass Matters and How Physiotherapy Can Help

Maintaining muscle mass and aging go hand in hand. Strong muscles support our bones, aid in balance and coordination, and are essential for performing daily activities. Without adequate muscle mass, simple tasks like climbing stairs or carrying groceries can become challenging. Physiotherapy for older adults focuses on exercises and activities designed to build strength, improve balance, and enhance mobility. At our physiotherapy clinic in Edmonton, we create customized plans that cater to each individual’s needs and abilities. Here’s how physiotherapy can help:

Regular Assessments:

To monitor your progress, we conduct regular assessments and adjust your treatment plan as needed. This ensures that you’re always on the right path to preventing muscle loss with age.

  • Endurance Testing: We check out your cardiovascular and muscular endurance with activities like walking tests or timed stair climbing. This gives us a good idea of your stamina and overall fitness level.
  • Gait Analysis: If needed, we take a look at your walking pattern to spot any abnormalities or issues that might impact your mobility and muscle function.

Personalized Exercise Programs:

Our physiotherapists will create a customized exercise plan designed to build muscle strength and improve endurance. These programs often include resistance training, which is essential for combating muscle loss and aging.

  • Resistance Training: The key to fighting off muscle loss and the effects of aging is resistance training. We use weights, resistance bands, or body-weight exercises to build muscle strength. Think squats, leg presses, and bicep curls.
  • Balance and Coordination Exercises: To help reduce the risk of falls and boost stability, we add balance training. Simple activities like standing on one foot, heel-to-toe walking, or using balance boards can work wonders.

Manual Therapy:

Our physiotherapists use manual therapy techniques, such as massage, joint mobilization, and stretching, to enhance muscle function, improve circulation, and reduce pain and stiffness. This hands-on approach complements your exercise program and supports overall muscle health.

  • Joint Mobilization: This involves gentle, controlled movements of your joints to enhance their range of motion and function. It helps relieve stiffness, boost flexibility, and reduce discomfort, making it more manageable to stay active and maintain muscle mass.
  • Stretching: Our physiotherapists use different stretching techniques like static and dynamic stretching, as well as (PNF) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. These stretches help lengthen tight muscles, improve flexibility, and prevent injuries.
  • Trigger Point Therapy: This method targets tight, painful knots in the muscles called trigger points. By applying pressure to these spots, we can ease muscle tension and pain, boosting overall muscle function.
  • Manual Lymphatic Drainage (MLD): MLD is a gentle massage method that stimulates the lymphatic system, aiding in the removal of waste and toxins from the body. It can reduce swelling, improve circulation, and support muscle recovery.

Therapeutic Modalities:

We incorporate various therapeutic modalities, including ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and heat or cold therapy, to support muscle recovery, reduce inflammation, and alleviate discomfort. These modalities are tailored to your needs and integrated into your sarcopenia treatment plan to maximize benefits.

  • Ultrasound Therapy: This uses sound waves to penetrate deeply into your muscle tissue, promoting blood flow, minimizing inflammation, and accelerating the healing process. It’s great for maintaining muscle mass and function.
  • Electrical Stimulation (E-Stim): E-Stim involves applying mild electrical currents to your muscles. This can help reduce pain, boost muscle strength, and improve muscle function. It’s especially useful for targeting weak muscles.
  • Laser Therapy: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) uses light energy to cut down pain and inflammation, stimulate healing, and enhance muscle recovery. It’s a non-invasive way to support overall muscle health.
  • TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation): TENS therapy utilizes low-voltage electrical currents to alleviate pain by stimulating your nerves. It’s handy for managing chronic pain and discomfort, facilitating easier staying active and maintaining muscle mass.

Nutritional Guidance: 

Proper nutrition is crucial in supporting muscle health. We offer guidance on dietary choices that can help prevent sarcopenia in older adults, ensuring you get the necessary nutrients to support muscle growth and maintenance.

  • Protein Intake: Getting enough high-quality protein is key for muscle growth and repair. We suggest adding lean meats, fish, eggs, dairy items, legumes, and plant-based proteins such as tofu and quinoa to your diet.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3s, present in fatty fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts, help reduce inflammation and support muscle health. Including these in your meals can help maintain muscle mass.

Empower Your Golden Years with Stronger Muscles:

Keeping muscle mass as we age is crucial for overall health and mobility. At 50Plus Physio, we offer a comprehensive approach that includes personalized exercise programs, nutritional guidance, regular assessments, manual therapy, and therapeutic modalities. Our physiotherapy in Edmonton supports older adults every step of the way, ensuring they stay strong, active, and independent.


Ready to take charge of your muscle health and boost your well-being? Don’t wait any longer. Reach out to our clinic today to book your consultation and start your personalized physiotherapy program.

A group of senior women engage in various yoga exercises

5 Gentle Pelvic Floor Exercises for Seniors to Try at Home

Maintaining good pelvic floor health is super important as we get older, but it’s common for seniors to face issues like urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse because of weakened muscles. We at 50+Physio are here to help, offering specific exercises and techniques to strengthen those muscles and boost control. Pelvic floor physiotherapy in Edmonton helps seniors regain confidence, improve their quality of life, and make daily activities more comfortable and independent. 

Five Easy Pelvic Floor Exercises for Seniors to Try at Home:

Our pelvic floor physiotherapists suggest gentle exercises that are easy to do at home and can make a big difference in your day-to-day life. Let’s dive into five simple pelvic exercises that seniors can try at home to boost strength and control. Ready to get started?

1. Kegels:

How to do it:

  • Sit comfortably or lie down.
  • Activate your pelvic floor muscles as if you are attempting to stop urine flow.
  • Hold for 3-5 seconds, then relax for the same amount of time.
  • Repeat ten times.

Benefits of Kegels for Seniors:

Kegels offer several fantastic benefits, especially for seniors. First off, they help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which can be a game-changer for managing urinary incontinence. This means fewer unexpected leaks and more confidence in daily activities. 


They also support pelvic organ health, reducing the risk of prolapse, where organs like the bladder or uterus slip out of place. 


Plus, by improving muscle control and strength, Kegels can enhance overall pelvic health for older people, contributing to better balance and stability. It’s a simple exercise with big rewards!

2. Bridge Pose:

How to do it:

  • Lie on your back, knees bent, and your feet resting on the floor spaced hip-width apart.
  • Gradually lift your hips towards the ceiling, squeezing your pelvic floor muscles as you rise.
  • Hold for a few seconds, then lower back down.
  • Repeat ten times.

Benefits of Bridge Pose for Seniors:

Bridge Pose is a fantastic exercise for seniors because it strengthens not just the pelvic floor but also the glutes and lower back muscles. This exercise can help improve posture and spinal alignment, making everyday movements easier and reducing the risk of back pain. 


By engaging the pelvic floor muscles while lifting the hips, seniors can enhance their muscle control and stability. Plus, it’s great for overall mobility and can even give a gentle boost to your core strength. All in all, Bridge Pose is a wonderful addition to any senior’s exercise routine!

3. Pelvic Tilts

How to do it:

  • Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet resting flat on the floor.
  • Activate your pelvic floor muscles and gently tilt your pelvis upward.
  • Hold for a few seconds, then release.
  • Repeat ten times.

Benefits of Pelvic Tilts for Seniors:

Pelvic tilts are great for seniors because they gently work the pelvic floor and lower abdominal muscles. This exercise helps improve flexibility in the pelvic region, which can ease lower back pain and enhance overall mobility. 


By regularly doing pelvic tilts, seniors can strengthen their core, leading to better posture and stability. Plus, it’s a low-impact move that’s easy on the joints, making it perfect for daily practice. Incorporating pelvic tilts into your routine can help maintain pelvic health and keep you moving comfortably throughout the day.

4. Seated Marching:

How to do it:

  • Sit on a chair with your feet planted flat on the ground.
  • Lift one knee towards your chest while activating your pelvic floor muscles as you lift.
  • Lower the leg and switch to the other side.
  • Repeat ten times for each leg.

Benefits of Seated Marching for Seniors:

Seated marching is a fantastic exercise for seniors because it’s easy on the joints and can be done from the comfort of a chair. This exercise helps strengthen the pelvic floor muscles while also working on hip flexors and lower abdominal muscles. This can enhance your balance and coordination, making it easier to walk and move around. 


Plus, it’s a great way to keep your legs active, which can boost circulation and reduce the risk of blood clots. Seated marching is perfect for incorporating gentle movement into your day and maintaining overall pelvic health.

5. Squats:

How to do it:

  • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
  • Lower yourself into a squat position as if you’re going to sit in a chair while tightening your pelvic floor muscles.
  • Return to the standing position.
  • Repeat ten times.

Benefits of Squats for Seniors:

Squats are excellent for seniors because they work multiple muscle groups at once, including the pelvic floor, thighs, and glutes. This exercise helps improve strength and stability, which is essential for keeping your balance and avoiding falls. Squats also enhance flexibility in the hips and knees, making everyday movements like rising from a chair or stooping to pick up items much easier. 


Also, by engaging the pelvic floor muscles during squats, seniors can boost their muscle control and support overall pelvic health. It’s a simple yet powerful exercise that can make a big difference in your daily life.

Achieving Comfort and Confidence:

Our pelvic floor physiotherapy in Edmonton is a game-changer for seniors looking to boost their quality of life. At 50 Plus Physio, we focus on strengthening and maintaining pelvic muscle function through comprehensive pelvic floor rehab. It’s not just about managing problems – we’re all about promoting overall pelvic health and boosting confidence in your daily activities. Our geriatric physiotherapy helps seniors stay independent and enjoy an active, comfortable lifestyle well into their golden years.


Looking to boost your pelvic health and feel more confident in your daily activities? Book a consultation with our experienced pelvic floor physiotherapists today. Your pelvic health is important—let us help you achieve your best well-being!


Physiotherapy helps older adults

How Can Physiotherapy Extend Active Years for Older Adults?

Getting older doesn’t mean slowing down! Geriatric physiotherapy is all about helping seniors stay active, healthy, and independent. Whether it involves recuperating from an injury, managing chronic pain, or simply maintaining mobility, geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton persists in addressing these needs.

How Physiotherapy Can Help Older Adults:

As we grow older, maintaining an active and independent lifestyle becomes increasingly important, yet often more challenging. Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in helping older adults stay active, healthy, and self-reliant. Let’s look at how physiotherapy can extend active years for older adults, enhancing their quality of life in the process.

1. Improving Mobility and Flexibility

With age, joints can become stiff, and muscles may lose their elasticity, making movement more difficult and increasing the risk of falls. Our physiotherapists design personalized exercise programs to improve joint mobility and muscle flexibility. These exercises often include gentle stretching, range of motion exercises, and specific strengthening routines tailored to individual needs.

Hamstring Stretch:

To do this stretch, sit on the edge of a chair and stretch one leg directly in front of you. Hinge forward from your hips, aiming to touch your toes, and keep your back nice and straight. Hold that position for 20-30 seconds, then switch legs and do the same thing on the other side. This stretch really targets your hamstrings and lower back, boosting your flexibility and mobility, which makes bending and reaching so much easier!

2. Strengthening Muscles

Prioritizing the preservation of muscle mass and strength becomes more critical. Muscle deterioration, known as sarcopenia, naturally occurs with age, leading to weakness and a higher risk of injuries. Fortunately, physiotherapy offers effective strength training exercises to counteract these changes, helping older adults stay strong, balanced, and independent.

Resistance Band Exercises:

Bicep Curls: Begin by assuming a seated or standing position with your feet spaced shoulder-width apart. Hold a resistance band with both hands, anchoring it by stepping on the band. Keep your elbows close to your body as you curl your hands towards your shoulders, then slowly lower them back down. Strive to complete three sets of 10-15 repetitions. This exercise effectively targets and strengthens the biceps, enhancing your capacity to lift and carry objects with ease.

3. Enhancing Balance and Coordination

Falls represent a considerable worry for older adults, often leading to fractures, hospitalizations, and a decrease in quality of life. Enhancing balance and coordination is crucial in preventing these incidents, and our physiotherapy clinic offers targeted exercises for older people designed to improve these vital skills.

Basic Balance Board Stand:

Position yourself on a balance board with your feet shoulder-width apart. Strive to maintain the board level without its edges touching the ground, and hold this position for 30 seconds to a minute. This exercise provides a multitude of benefits, including enhancing overall balance, strengthening stabilizing muscles, and improving proprioception—the body’s sense of its position in space.

4. Pain Management

Chronic pain from conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, and other degenerative diseases can significantly impact the quality of life for older adults. Efficient pain management is essential not only for reducing discomfort but also for maintaining an active lifestyle. At 50plus Physio, we offer a range of manual therapy techniques and modalities that can help alleviate pain and improve overall well-being.

Soft Tissue Massage:

Our therapists employ hands-on techniques like kneading, compression, and manipulation to target muscles and soft tissues. This approach encompasses various methods such as myofascial release, trigger point therapy and massage in deep tissue. The benefits include decreased muscle tension, enhanced circulation, breakdown of scar tissue, and pain relief. Soft tissue massage is especially effective for addressing muscle-related pain and tightness, offering a holistic approach to improving overall well-being and physical comfort.

5. Posture Improvement

Maintaining correct posture is vital for overall health and mobility, especially as we age. Poor posture can lead to a huge range of musculoskeletal issues, like back pain, neck pain, and decreased mobility. Our clinic offers effective postural training to help older adults improve their posture, reduce pain, and enhance their quality of life. 

Core Strengthening Exercises: 

Pelvic Tilts: To perform pelvic tilts, assume a supine position with your knees bent and feet resting flat on the floor. Engage your abdominal muscles, tilt your pelvis upward slightly, and flatten your lower back against the floor. Hold briefly, then release. Aim for 10-15 repetitions. This older people’s workout strengthens lower abdominal muscles, providing support to the lower back and enhancing posture.

6. Managing Chronic Conditions

Chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory illnesses are common among older adults and can significantly impact their physical activity levels and overall health. Physiotherapy plays a vast role in managing these conditions through tailored exercise programs that aim to improve cardiovascular health, enhance lung function, and maintain general well-being. 

Low-Impact Aerobics:

Low-impact aerobics involves engaging in activities for older people, such as walking, cycling, or water aerobics at a moderate pace, adjusted to individual fitness levels. These exercises strengthen the heart muscle, enhance circulation, and aid in managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Empowering Healthy Aging:

Geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton serves as a pivotal tool in extending the active years for older adults. Through personalized treatment plans tailored to older people’s needs and goals, physiotherapy addresses age-related challenges, promotes mobility, and extends the overall quality of life. By focusing on strength, balance, flexibility, and pain management, 50plus Physio empowers older adults to maintain independence, involvement in daily activities, and participate in the activities they enjoy. With its multifaceted approach and dedication to optimizing function and well-being, geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton plays a huge role in promoting healthy aging and facilitating an active lifestyle for older adults.

Ready to prioritize your mobility and independence? Schedule a consultation with our geriatric physiotherapy team today and embark on your journey towards a healthier, more active lifestyle!

Senior man with walking frame and adult daughter outdoors on a walk in park

Can Regular Physiotherapy Visits Decrease the Need for Assistive Walking Devices in Seniors?

Are you wondering if choosing physiotherapy can help keep the cane or walker at bay for seniors? Well, you’ve come to the right place for some insights. Regular physiotherapy sessions offer a bunch of benefits for the older population, and yes, one of those perks could be a decreased reliance on assistive walking devices. Geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton aims to tackle these issues head-on, helping seniors maintain their health and independence.

Can Regular Physiotherapy Help Seniors Skip the Walking Aids?

Building Strength and Stability:

Fall prevention clinics focus a lot on strength training and balance exercises, which are key for maintaining muscle tone and coordination. As seniors strengthen their legs and core, they naturally improve their stability and balance. This can make a huge difference in their ability to walk independently, reducing the need for that extra support from a walking aid. Exercises used in geriatric physiotherapy to build strength and stability are:

Leg Strengthening Exercises:

Leg Curls: Seniors can perform leg curls either standing (holding onto support) or lying down, using resistance bands or weights to maximize muscle strength at the back of the thighs.

Mini Squats: Holding onto a stable support and performing small squats can help in strengthening the entire lower body.

Core Strengthening:

A strong core is essential for balance and overall stability.

Seated Abdominal Exercises: Simple abdominal contractions while seated help strengthen the core without the risk of falling.

Pelvic Tilts: These activities can be done lying down or standing with support and are great for engaging and strengthening the lower abdominal muscles.

Enhancing Flexibility and Mobility:

Physio includes a good dose of stretching and mobility exercises. Keeping joints limber and muscles supple helps seniors move more freely and with less discomfort. The more mobile a senior is, the less likely they will feel the need for a walking aid to get around. Exercises that can help seniors boost their flexibility and mobility:

Gentle Stretching:

Stretching is a cornerstone of improving flexibility. Here are a few stretches to incorporate:

Neck Stretches: Slowly tilt the head towards each shoulder, holding each side for a few seconds to stretch the neck muscles.

Shoulder Circles: Rolling the shoulders forward and backward helps loosen up the shoulder joints and reduce stiffness.

Hamstring Stretch: Perching on the edge of a chair and extending one leg straight, leaning forward gently to stretch the back of the thigh.

Dynamic Stretching:

Dynamic stretches involve moving as you stretch, which is great for warming up the muscles and joints.

Leg Swings: Holding onto a stable support and gently swinging one leg forward and back to loosen up the hip joints.

Arm Swings: Swinging the arms in a controlled manner to increase shoulder mobility and flexibility.

Improving Confidence and Reducing Fear of Falling:

A big part of what physiotherapy offers is boosting confidence. Through gradual and consistent training, seniors not only build physical strength but also gain confidence in their ability to move without support. Also, physiotherapists often teach fall prevention strategies, reducing the fear of falling, which is a major reason seniors may lean on walking aids. Exercises used in fall prevention for seniors:

Balance Training:

Strengthening balance is key to preventing falls and boosting confidence. Here are some exercises that can help:

Standing on One Foot: Start by holding onto a chair for support and gradually work up to balancing without support.

Walking Heel to Toe: This exercise mimics a tightrope walker, which improves coordination and balance.

Gait Training:

Improving the way seniors walk can reduce the likelihood of tripping and fall prevention in older adults.

Obstacle Navigation: Walking around and between objects placed on the floor can help improve agility and awareness of foot placement.

Tandem Walking: Walking in a straight line, placing one foot directly in front of the other, sharpens balance and coordination.

Tailored Exercise Programs:

The beauty of geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton is that it’s tailored to individual needs. For seniors, exercises can be customized based on their health status, mobility level, and specific conditions like arthritis or osteoporosis. This personalized approach maximizes the effectiveness of each session, directly contributing to their overall ability to move independently.

For Mobility and Strength:

Light Resistance Training: Using bands or light weights to help build muscle strength without putting too much strain on the joints.

Chair Exercises: Performing exercises while seated can help those with limited mobility to strengthen their muscles safely.

Pain Management:

Managing chronic pain is often a part of senior physiotherapy, aiming to improve quality of life without heavy reliance on medications.

Deep Tissue Massage:

This massage technique is particularly beneficial for seniors coping with chronic muscle tension or conditions such as arthritis that focus on the deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue.

Techniques Used: Slow strokes and deep finger pressure are used across the grain of the muscles, not along the muscles.

Trigger Point Therapy:

This massage technique is designed to alleviate the source of the pain through cycles of targeted pressure and release.

Techniques Used: Direct pressure is applied to specific points on tender muscle tissue to reduce muscle tension and pain.

Embrace Mobility and Independence:

If you or a loved one relies on assistive walking devices, you might be wondering how to enhance mobility and maybe ease off the device a bit. Well, geriatric physiotherapy is the solution for your needs. 50plus Physio in Edmonton isn’t just about dealing with the aches and pains of aging—it’s about enhancing your lifestyle as you age. Whether you’re managing chronic conditions, recovering from an injury, or simply aiming to stay as healthy as possible, geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton has something to offer. Regular physiotherapy sessions can help you maintain your zest for life, ensuring that your golden years remain vibrant and active. Here’s to moving better, feeling great, and aging gracefully!


Ready to enhance your mobility and independence? Contact us today with our registered physiotherapists and start your path towards a more active and fulfilling lifestyle!

In-Home Physiotherapy for Seniors

What Conditions Can Be Effectively Treated with In-Home Physiotherapy for Seniors?

In-house physiotherapy for older people refers to physical therapy services provided within the comfort and convenience of the individual’s own home rather than in a clinical environment like a hospital or outpatient facility. In-home physiotherapy in Edmonton aims to meet the needs of older adults who may have mobility issues, chronic conditions, or other age-related health concerns that make it difficult for them to travel to a clinic for treatment.

What Conditions Can Be Effectively Treated with In-Home Physiotherapy for Seniors?

In-home physiotherapy for seniors can effectively treat a wide range of conditions commonly experienced by older adults. Some of these conditions include:

Mobility Issues: 

In-house physiotherapy can help address mobility challenges caused by conditions such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, or age-related decline in muscle strength and flexibility. Some common exercises used in addressing mobility issues are:

Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises:

  • Gentle stretching exercises target major joints such as shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles.
  • Passive or active-assisted range of motion exercises to improve joint flexibility and mobility.

Strength Training:

  • Utilizing resistance bands, light weights, or bodyweight exercises to strengthen muscles supporting mobility.
  • Targeting major muscle groups, including legs, arms, and core, for improved stability and support.

Balance and Coordination Training:

  • Standing balance exercises include standing on one leg or in a tandem stance.
  • Dynamic balance exercises, including weight shifting, reaching, and catching activities.

Orthopedic Conditions: 

In-home physio can help seniors recover from orthopedic surgeries (such as joint replacements or fracture repairs) and manage conditions like back pain, neck pain, or tendonitis. Here are common techniques and exercises used:

Manual Therapy:

  • Soft tissue mobilization: Utilizing methods like massage or myofascial release to ease muscle tension and enhance circulation
  • Joint mobilization: Subtle motions are utilized on targeted joints to enhance flexibility and alleviate rigidity.
  • Manipulation: High-velocity, low-amplitude thrusts to targeted joints to restore normal joint mechanics.

Therapeutic Exercises:

  • Range of motion exercises: Passive or active movements to improve joint flexibility and prevent stiffness.
  • Strengthening exercises: Targeting muscles around the affected joint to improve stability and support.
  • Neuromuscular re-education: Exercises focusing on improving coordination, proprioception, and muscle control.
  • Closed kinetic chain exercises: Exercises where the distal segment of the limb is fixed, such as squats or lunges, to improve joint stability.
  • Open kinetic chain exercises: Exercises where the distal segment of the limb is free to move, such as leg lifts or bicep curls, to improve muscle strength and control.


  • Heat therapy: Applying heat packs or warm baths to increase blood flow, relax muscles, and alleviate pain.
  • Cold therapy: Administering ice packs or cold compresses to reduce inflammation and numb painful areas.

Neurological Disorders: 

In-home physiotherapy in Edmonton assists seniors with neurological conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, or peripheral neuropathy to improve movement, balance, and functional abilities. Here are techniques and exercises commonly used:

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES):

  • Electrical stimulation activates weakened or paralyzed muscles, aiding in functional movement.
  • FES cycling for lower limb strengthening and cardiovascular conditioning.

Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT):

  • Limiting the usage of the unaffected limb to promote intensive practice and motor recovery in the affected limb.
  • Repetitive task training focusing on functional activities.

Cardiovascular Conditions: 

For seniors with heart conditions such as heart failure or peripheral vascular disease, in-home physiotherapy in Edmonton provides cardiovascular rehabilitation to improve endurance, circulation, and overall cardiovascular health.

Cardiovascular Exercise:

  • Aerobic exercises like walking, cycling, or swimming to improve cardiovascular fitness.
  • Interval training is used to gradually increase heart rate and intensity while allowing for periods of rest.


  • Water-based exercises in a controlled environment enhance cardiovascular fitness while minimizing strain on the joints.
  • Aquatic exercises such as water walking, aqua aerobics, or swimming for a low-impact workout.

Respiratory Conditions: 

In-home physiotherapy includes techniques such as breathing exercises and chest physiotherapy, which can benefit seniors with respiratory conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or pneumonia by improving lung function and clearing mucus from the airways.

Breathing Exercises:

  • Diaphragmatic breathing (also known as belly breathing) enhances the efficiency of breathing and increases lung capacity.
  • Pursed lip breathing to reduce airway resistance and improve oxygenation.
  • Segmental breathing exercises promote the expansion of specific areas of the lungs.

Incentive Spirometry:

  • A spirometer encourages deep breathing and improves lung volume and function.
  • Instructing seniors to perform regular deep inhalations to achieve and maintain target volumes.

Fall Prevention: 

Our registered physiotherapists can assess and address factors contributing to falls, such as balance deficits, muscle weakness, gait abnormalities, and environmental hazards, to reduce the risk of falls and related injuries.

Gait Training:

  • Walking exercises with or without assistive devices (walkers, canes) to improve balance and coordination.
  • Treadmill training with body weight support systems to facilitate repetitive walking practice.

Postural Problems: 

In-home physiotherapy interventions can address postural abnormalities and alignment issues that contribute to pain, discomfort, and functional limitations in older adults.

Postural Correction Exercises:

  • Engaging in exercises that target strengthening weak muscles and incorporating stretching routines for tight muscles can aid in improving poor posture.
  • Core strengthening exercises to improve trunk stability and support the spine.
  • Specific exercises to address forward head posture, rounded shoulders, or excessive spinal curvature.

Enhancing Seniors Mobility and Well-being: 

50+ Physio in Edmonton offers a comprehensive approach to addressing a wide range of conditions commonly experienced by seniors. From mobility issues associated with osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, or age-related muscle decline to orthopedic conditions like back pain, neck pain, or tendonitis, geriatric physiotherapy provides tailored care customized to meet the specific needs of each individual. By promoting independence, preventing complications, and optimizing recovery, in-home physiotherapy plays a crucial role in helping seniors maintain their health, well-being, and independence as they age.

To experience the benefits of in-home physiotherapy, schedule your personalized session today with our registered physiotherapist for improved mobility and quality of life!

senior couple practicing warrior II poses while standing on yoga mats

Why Does Balance Decline with Age, and How Can Physiotherapy Help?

Geriatric physiotherapy focuses on meeting the unique needs and conditions of older individuals. The aging process can bring about various physical changes and health challenges, such as decreased mobility, muscle weakness, balance issues, arthritis, osteoporosis, and neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease or stroke. Geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton aims to treat and guide older adults to enhance their functional abilities and overall quality of life.

Why Does Balance Decline with Age?

Muscle Weakness: 

As people age, there is a decline in muscle mass and strength, referred to as sarcopenia. Weaker muscles, especially those in the lower body and core, can affect stability and balance.

Changes in Sensory Systems: 

The sensory systems responsible for balance, including vision, proprioception (the body’s awareness of its position in space), and the vestibular system (inner ear balance mechanism), may decline with age. Degeneration of these systems can impair the body’s ability to maintain balance.

Joint Stiffness: 

As individuals age, they may experience reduced flexibility and heightened stiffness in joints, notably affecting areas such as the ankles, knees, and hips. Reduced joint mobility can affect balance and make movements less fluid.

Reduced Reaction Time: 

With aging, the nervous system may slow down, leading to slower reaction times. This can affect the body’s ability to quickly adjust and respond to changes in balance, increasing the risk of falls.

Chronic Health Conditions: 

Age-related health conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy, and cardiovascular diseases can impact balance. These conditions may affect muscle strength, joint mobility, sensation, and overall functional ability.

Inactivity and Deconditioning: 

Inactive ways of living and a lack of consistent physical activity can contribute to muscle weakness, reduced flexibility, and diminished balance control. Without regular exercise to maintain strength and coordination, balance may decline more rapidly.

Changes in Posture: 

Aging can lead to changes in posture, such as stooped or hunched posture, which can impact balance and elevate the likelihood of experiencing falls.

Fear of Falling: 

Previous falls or fear of falling can lead to decreased confidence in one’s balance abilities, causing individuals to adopt more cautious movements and behaviours that may further compromise balance.

How Can Physiotherapy Help with Balance Issues for Seniors?

Strength and Conditioning: 

Our registered geriatric physiotherapist prescribes exercises to strengthen muscles, particularly those involved in balance and stability, such as the core muscles, lower limb muscles, and muscles around the ankles and hips. Strengthening these muscles can enhance stability and reduce the risk of falls. Here are some common exercises often used in geriatric physiotherapy: Chair Squats:
  • Sit in a sturdy chair with feet hip-width apart.
  • Stand up from the chair using the strength of your legs.
  • Slowly lower back down to the chair.
  • Aim for 10-15 repetitions, gradually increasing as strength improves.
Sit-to-Stand Exercises:
  • Take a seat in a chair with your feet firmly planted on the floor.
  • Stand up without using your hands for support.
  • Slowly, sit back down.
  • Aim for 10-15 repetitions.

Balance Training: 

Geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton includes specific balance training exercises designed to improve proprioception, coordination, and postural control. Exercises to improve balance for seniors may involve standing on one leg, performing various balance challenges on stable and unstable surfaces, and practicing movements that challenge balance while maintaining safety. Here are some commonly used balance workout techniques: Static Balance Exercises for Seniors:
  • Standing still on both feet with eyes open, then progressing to eyes closed.
  • Standing on one leg for increasing durations.
  • Engage in exercises that involve standing on unstable surfaces like foam pads or balance boards to enhance balance control.
Dynamic Balance Workout for Seniors:
  • Walking heel-to-toe in a straight line (tandem walking).
  • Sidestepping
  • Walking backward
  • Stepping over obstacles

Gait Training: 

Geriatric physiotherapy in Edmonton works on improving walking patterns and gait mechanics to enhance stability and confidence during walking. This may involve practicing proper foot placement, stride length, and rhythm, as well as addressing any abnormalities or compensatory strategies.

Manual Therapy: 

Hands-on techniques like joint mobilizations, soft tissue mobilization, and myofascial release may be used by physiotherapists to improve joint mobility, minimize muscle tension, and alleviate pain, contributing to better balance and movement. Some common manual therapy workouts to improve balance include: Muscle Energy Techniques (METs):
  • Active techniques where the patient contracts a muscle against resistance provided by the therapist.
  • METs can help improve joint mobility, correct muscle imbalances, and reduce pain.
  • These techniques are often used in conditions such as osteoarthritis, low back pain, or neck pain.
Craniosacral Therapy:
  • Craniosacral therapy may be used to alleviate headaches, improve sleep quality, or minimize stress and anxiety in older adults.

Empowering Seniors:

Incorporating strength and conditioning exercises into geriatric physiotherapy programs can significantly improve the physical health, functional abilities, and overall well-being of older adults. Furthermore, the personalized approach of 50+ Physio in Edmonton ensures that exercises are tailored to individual needs and health conditions, promoting safe and effective progress. With the ongoing expansion of the aging population, the importance of strength and conditioning exercises in geriatric care cannot be overstated, offering older adults the opportunity to age gracefully, maintain optimal physical function for as long as possible, and enjoy an enriching and vibrant lifestyle during their golden years.   Ready to Improve Your Strength and Balance? Consult with our registered Geriatric Physiotherapist Today and embark on your journey to better health and independence.  
Asian nurse or a female physiotherapist is helping an elderly woman patient use a walker to learn to walk.

Maximizing Mobility: Tips and Techniques for Seniors to Stay Agile and Independent

As we age, the significance of nutrition in maintaining overall health and vitality cannot be overstated. The foods we consume play a crucial role in supporting our physical and mental well-being, especially in our senior years. In this blog post, we will delve into the vital role of nutrition for seniors and provide practical tips for making informed dietary choices that promote vitality and well-being after the age of 50.

Why Nutrition Matters More Than Ever

The aging process brings about several changes in our bodies, including a decrease in muscle mass, changes in metabolism, and an increased risk of chronic health conditions. Proper nutrition can help mitigate these effects and contribute to a healthier and more vibrant life:

1. Maintaining Muscle Mass: Adequate protein intake is essential for preserving muscle mass and strength, which is crucial for staying active and independent.

2. Bone Health: Calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone health, helping to prevent osteoporosis and fractures.

3. Heart Health: A heart-healthy diet can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and hypertension.

4. Cognitive Function: Certain nutrients, like omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants, support cognitive function and may reduce the risk of cognitive decline.

5. Digestive Health: A well-balanced diet with fiber-rich foods can promote healthy digestion and prevent constipation, a common concern among seniors.

6. Immune System Support: Proper nutrition can strengthen the immune system, helping the body fight off infections and illnesses.

Nutritional Tips for Seniors

  1. Prioritize Protein: Include lean sources of protein in your diet, such as poultry, fish, beans, and tofu, to support muscle health.
  2. Calcium and Vitamin D: Consume dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods to ensure you get enough calcium and vitamin D for bone health.
  3. Fruits and Vegetables: Aim for a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables to provide essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
  4. Fiber: Whole grains, legumes, and vegetables are excellent sources of dietary fiber, promoting digestive health and regularity.
  5. Hydration: Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. Dehydration can lead to numerous health issues.
  6. Mindful Eating: Pay attention to hunger and fullness cues. Avoid mindless snacking and practice mindful eating to savor your meals.
  7. Limit Processed Foods: Minimize your intake of processed and sugary foods, as they can contribute to chronic health conditions.
  8. Portion Control: Be mindful of portion sizes to avoid overeating, which can lead to weight gain and associated health issues.
  9. Consult a Professional: Consider working with a registered dietitian or nutritionist who specializes in senior nutrition to create a personalized meal plan.


Proper nutrition is a cornerstone of healthy aging. By making informed dietary choices and prioritizing the nutrients your body needs, you can enhance your vitality and well-being well into your senior years. Remember that it’s never too late to improve your nutrition habits, and small changes can make a significant difference in your overall health and quality of life.